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Luke 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24

Luke, Gospel according to - was written by Luke. He does not claim to have been an eye-witness of our Lord's ministry, but to have gone to the best sources of information within his reach, and to have written an orderly narrative of the facts (Luke 1:1-4).
    The authors of the first three Gospels, the synoptics, wrote independently of each other. Each wrote his independent narrative under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.
      Each writer has some things, both in matter and style, peculiar to himself, yet all the three have much in common. Luke's Gospel has been called
      • "the Gospel of the nations, full of mercy and hope, assured to the world by the love of a suffering Saviour;"
      • "the Gospel of the saintly life;"
      • "the Gospel for the Greeks;
      • the Gospel of the future;
      • the Gospel of progressive Christianity, of the universality and gratuitousness of the gospel;
      • the historic Gospel;
      • the Gospel of Jesus as the good Physician and the Saviour of mankind;"
      • the "Gospel of the Fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of man;"
      • "the Gospel of womanhood;"
      • "the Gospel of the outcast, of the Samaritan, the publican, the harlot, and the prodigal;"
      • "the Gospel of tolerance."
      The main characteristic of this Gospel, as Farrar (Cambridge Bible, Luke, Introd.) remarks, is fitly expressed in the motto, "Who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil" (Acts 10:38; comp. Luke 4:18). Luke wrote for the "Hellenic world." This Gospel is indeed "rich and precious."
        "Out of a total of 1151 verses, Luke has
        • 389 in common with Matthew and Mark,
        • 176 in common with Matthew alone,
        • 41 in common with Mark alone,
        • leaving 544 peculiar to himself.
        • In many instances all three use identical language."
          There are seventeen of our Lord's parables peculiar to this Gospel. Luke also records seven of our Lord's miracles which are omitted by Matthew and Mark.
            The synoptical Gospels are related to each other after the following scheme. If the contents of each Gospel be represented by 100, then when compared this result is obtained:
            • Mark has 7 peculiarities, 93 coincidences.
            • Matthew 42 peculiarities, 58 coincidences.
            • Luke 59 peculiarities, 41 coincidences.
            That is,
            • thirteen-fourteenths of Mark,
            • four-sevenths of Matthew, and
            • two-fifths of Luke
            are taken up in describing the same things in very similar language.